When Kyoto Failed, Paris Stepped Up: How the Paris Agreement Changed Global Climate Negotiations

Heather Coyne

Citation: Heather Coyne, ​When Kyoto Failed, Paris Stepped Up: How the Paris Agreement Changed Global Climate Negotiations,​ Global Affairs Review, No. 1, Vol. 1, Fall/Winter 2020.

doi: 10.51330/gar.0020116

ISSN: 2660-6968

date: December 15, 2020

Abstract:

The impactful environmental changes that are being observed today are not a new phenomenon, but something that has been increasing significantly since the industrial revolution. These issues began to gain significant international attention in the mid-to-late twentieth century, which prompted the introduction of the United Nations Environment Programme. Since then, there have been many attempts to create international treaties in order to promote fossil fuel emission reduction and reduce the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, in an attempt to ensure that the planet remains a safe and habitable place to live. Despite initial hope, the Kyoto Protocol was unsuccessful in achieving these goals. The following will examine why the Paris Agreement was established and how it differs from its predecessor, the Kyoto Protocol. Canada will be used as a case study, examining its participation in the Kyoto Protocol, its role in the Paris Agreement, and how it can improve.